Exodus 1: Our Prayers Do Not Go Unheard
[Exodus 1:1-22 ESV] 1 These are the names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt with Jacob, each with his household: 2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, 3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, 4 Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher. 5 All the descendants of Jacob were seventy persons; Joseph was already in Egypt. 6 Then Joseph died, and all his brothers and all that generation. 7 But the people of Israel were fruitful and increased greatly; they multiplied and grew exceedingly strong, so that the land was filled with them. 8 Now there arose a new king over Egypt, who did not know Joseph. 9 And he said to his people, “Behold, the people of Israel are too many and too mighty for us. 10 Come, let us deal shrewdly with them, lest they multiply, and, if war breaks out, they join our enemies and fight against us and escape from the land.” 11 Therefore they set taskmasters over them to afflict them with heavy burdens. They built for Pharaoh store cities, Pithom and Rameses. 12 But the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied and the more they spread abroad. And the Egyptians were in dread of the people of Israel. 13 So they ruthlessly made the people of Israel work as slaves 14 and made their lives bitter with hard service, in mortar and brick, and in all kinds of work in the field. In all their work they ruthlessly made them work as slaves. 15 Then the king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, one of whom was named Shiphrah and the other Puah, 16 “When you serve as midwife to the Hebrew women and see them on the birthstool, if it is a son, you shall kill him, but if it is a daughter, she shall live.” 17 But the midwives feared God and did not do as the king of Egypt commanded them, but let the male children live. 18 So the king of Egypt called the midwives and said to them, “Why have you done this, and let the male children live?” 19 The midwives said to Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women, for they are vigorous and give birth before the midwife comes to them.” 20 So God dealt well with the midwives. And the people multiplied and grew very strong. 21 And because the midwives feared God, he gave them families. 22 Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, “Every son that is born to the Hebrews you shall cast into the Nile, but you shall let every daughter live.”
Well, we’re starting a series in the book of Exodus today. We will carry this through all the way until about June and it’s going to take us every bit of that. You guys can send some extra prayers to Caleb because he’s going to be the doing the reading through much of the Exodus account. And there are a lot of hard, hard words and Exodus to, to read. But you know that that’s, it’s going to be a, an exciting time. And I want to introduce to you the book today and then go from there. And we’ll look at this first chapter. I want to ask you a question. Have you ever, have you ever had a moment in your life of just desperate prayer? Have you ever just been desperate to God for help, desperate for him to step in and intervene. Desperate for a miracle, desperate for hope, desperate for light. Have you tasted that bitter darkness? Have you felt the end of yourself where you knew there was nothing you could do?
Have you prayed through tears? Has your heart ached as you prayed? I’ve been in that moment a lot of times and I think honestly that’s a moment. That’s where we should be more often. We should live like that day by day. But I’ve been in that moment a few times. I’ve tasted darkness and bitterness and not knowing what to do. When I put my hands up to God and I, I through tears beg him to help. And I would like to say that the first time I begged him to help light broke through,
But it was still dark. And so I got back down on my knees and I prayed again. God, would you please help be with me, deliver me from this or help me in this situation or whatever it is. God, please help. God doesn’t always appear like that, but that is what X is about. The entire book is dedicated to desperation and rescue. We need to understand this key point, and I’m going to say it four different ways, right? The one down that sticks out to you, okay, here it is. Our prayers don’t go on heard. Our groaning doesn’t go on, felt our oppression doesn’t go unseen. Our faith isn’t forgotten and write down all four, write down one of the four. Exodus is a book dedicated to people who are at the end of themselves in desperate need of rescue, and it’s about God’s miraculous deliverance.
Exodus, you might know comes after the first book of the Bible. Genesis, the Epic story of Genesis is a difficult book to summarize. In fact, you want to know how difficult it is. Go home today and try to write a summary of Genesis in a hundred words. A pastor’s job is tough when they’re trying to introduce an idea. All right, so here’s what I came up with. It’s filled with for shadowing. It’s filled with design patterns. It’s filled with imagery and the Hebrew writing of terseness or in other words, they write quickly with few details to get across the point that they want to get across. We Americans are used to a lot more details.
It sets the stage for the entire Bible more than you probably even realize. It’s not just the first chapter in a book. It also introduces all these theologies. It establishes concepts of hope. When all seems dark, it establishes the idea of mercy for sinners and of the darkness of humanity. It, it gives all of these amazing themes that will be built on through the rest of the Bible. God brings order out of chaos twice the first time in creation, out of nothing, literally out of the chaos there. He then brings order and land and all of these things and then again later when he judges the world, he, he releases floodwaters on it and then brings it back to order.
God gives the mandate to be fruitful and multiply to two different families, Adam’s family and then Noah’s family. When they fail to bring blessing to the world, both of them. God gives the promise that he will multiply Abraham. It’s not just a command anymore that he will bless Abraham. He promises an eidetic like land to Abraham and he promises fruitfulness that he commanded Noah and Adam to have and the blessing that he always desired for the world. All of this would happen as Abraham was faithful and his family was faithful to God. Unfortunately, Abraham is a habitual liar and coward and self seeker. His son Isaac is a habitual liar and coward and self seeker. His son Jacob is a habitual liar and coward and self seeker and if you think women, if you’re like, yeah, men, they definitely are like that. Guess what? Sarah is a habitual liar and coward and self seeker as is Rachel as is Rebecca [inaudible], Rebecca.
They’re all like this. There’s something inherently wrong with humanity. There’s a darkness in them. There’s a sinfulness in them that comes up time and time again. When the rubber really meets the road. They might try to be good sometimes, but then when the rubber really meets the road, they fail time and time again. That’s Genesis. It’s with Jacob that that Abram’s family really starts to expand. He has 12 sons, but the 12 sons can’t even bring blessing to their own family. You know why? Because they get jealous of one of the sons and decide they’re going to go kill him. They decided against killing them and said they just sell them into slavery. It’s real nice of them.
Jacob has devastated, but if light is flickering in Egypt through Joseph’s faithfulness in Egypt, Egypt would have plenty of food during a coming famine with which Egypt would be able to not only bless themselves, but bless the surrounding nations and it’s through Josephs faithfulness that that happens. In other words, that the Abrahamic promise that all the world, all the families, all the nations of the world would be blessed starts to be fulfilled through Joseph because when family should have been starving to death, Joseph had the wisdom given from God to be able to provide food for them. One of those families happens to be Josef’s original family.
It’s 70 there’s 12 sons, their wives, Jacob, his wife, and all of their children. 70 of them are going through a famine and they don’t have food. What will they do? Well, we know we’ll turn to Egypt and we’ll offer what we’ve got to try to get some food. That’s all we can do. Little did they know that when they arrived in Egypt, they would be meeting with their own family member and their own family member would provide and some for them. God promised as they were going down to Egypt, that they would be there. Abram’s family would be there for 400 years and it’s through that 400 years that they would multiply and become fruitful and it’s at the end of that 400 years that they would become enslaved by Egypt.
But God promised that he would deliver them once again, back to the promise land, the land of Eden, and that’s where we pick up Exodus verse one these are the names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt with Jacob, each with his own household. Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah. Issachar, Zebulun, Benjamin, Dan and Naphtali; Gad and Asher, all the descendants of Jacob were 70 persons. Joseph was already in Egypt. Then Joseph died and all his brothers and all of that generation, but the people of Israel were fruitful and increased greatly. They multiplied and grew exceedingly strong so that the land was filled with them. Do you notice anything about that verse at versus filled with illusions to Genesis Warren? Go back to Genesis one if you don’t believe me. Genesis one verse 28 and God blessed them and God said to them, be fruitful. See that word and multiply. I see that word and fill the earth. See that word and subdue it and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens. In other words, the biblical author here, probably Moses who’s writing here in Exodus also wrote Genesis. He’s tried to help you connect the dots. This is the beginning of the fulfillment that God promised would happen through Abraham, the commandment he gave to all people to be fruitful and to multiply.
There’s a F. There’s a few things that you should know about Exodus, a few themes that you need to keep in mind. These are themes that will be used in the rest of the Bible. I would encourage you to note these and then when you’re studying your Bible, you’ll find it, I think very insightful. The first one is the theme of slavery and freedom, slavery and freedom because we have as our tendency to be self seekers. When the strong get enough power, they will stop at nothing to seek themselves and to get what they want, even if it means enslaving and hurting other people, and that’s what this story is. Slavery here in Egypt becomes an arc type through the rest of the Bible. In fact, pretty much every other time you read in the Bible, slavery and freedom and enslaved or whatever like that is mentioned bondage in the rest of the Bible.
It is a, at least a soft reference back to this moment when the Israelites were in bondage and slavery to sin in the new Testament when it talks about how we are in bondage to sin and enslaved to sin, they’re comparing our enslavement to sin to the Israelites and slave Mitt to Egypt. Here. Once you see that, you’ll start seeing it all over the place. It’s unbelievable. The second one that you’ll need to take note of is the promise son over and over again in Genesis, a son is born and there’s this thought, is this the one? In fact, the very first son that’s born Eve was like, is this the one? Because God promised after they fell, God promised them that there would be an offspring from the woman that would crush the head of the serpent, the enemy of mankind. He would crush him and the first child they have, they’re like, is this the one?
And I think every time a son being born, as mentioned later on in Genesis, we’re supposed to ask the question, is this the one? And you come to Moses here and you kind of are like, ah, is this maybe no a man? And you get later on in the store and you realize, no, he’s not the one. But this theme of the promise sun is revealed time and time again and it won’t be till like 13 or 1400 years after the events of Exodus at the promise son would be born a third one. There’s a longing for Eden in all of Exodus. Why? They’re in Egypt. They’re not in there.
Okay? They’re longing to go home to the promised land, as we’re often called Eden. The exact dimensions and borders are the exact dimensions and borders of the promised land that they, that Abraham was promised. Did you know that we’re meant to connect the two narratively, we’re meant to think of the two similarly. And God, his goal, his promise to them was that if they obeyed, they, if they were faithful to the covenant, then that land would become overflowing with blessing. There would be fruit trees popping up in the wilderness and streams flowing from on high. It would be eaten again and God would be there with them, but they fail time and time again. The final one is, and this is probably the most important one, I’m bearing the lead a little bit, is how to encounter a Holy God because over and over again in Genesis, there’s this brokenness. There’s this sinfulness in mankind. Read it. It’s dark, it’s ugly stuff. Over and over again. You see this and you are introduced. Next week we’ll be introduced to a God who is so Holy and high that not even Moses could stand in his presence. How will the rest of mankind,
How was that going to happen? And Exodus devotes a considerable amount of time to try to develop this idea. How can you be with a Holy God? You’re sinner. How do you get to be with a Holy God? There’s no way you can stand before him. He’s too Holy. You don’t have the right. How is that possible? And that’s why the subtitle of this entire series is encountering God. Cause that’s what I want you to do. I want you to have, I want you to encounter God. And I want you to encounter him in his holiness and recognize his grace and how he allows you to be in his presence. Or let’s keep going in our story. Verse eight. Now there arose a new King over Egypt who did not know Joseph. And he said to the people, behold, the people of Israel are too many in too mighty for us. Come let us deal shrewdly with them less. They multiply and if war breaks out, they join our enemies and fight against us and escape from the land. Therefore, they set task masters over them to afflict them with heavy burdens they built for Pharaoh store cities, Pythium and Ramsey’s these Egyptians and the Egyptian Pharaoh. Here. What we understand about history at this time is that this is shortly after a time when Egypt had been ruled by a nation which means that they are naturally suspicious of outsiders.
They don’t like anyone who’s not an Egyptian. And that comes through loud and clear. Here. They had they, they, they are scared of what these refugees, what these immigrants are going to do. They’re scared of how they might side with the other team there. They’re scared of those things. And whether this is actual Lee, what the Pharaoh thought, or if the Pharaoh here is just kind of a really good politician, really cunning politician. And when I say good, I don’t mean morally good. I just mean he, he’s savvy. He knows how to get his way. He wants these store houses, he wants Pythium and Ramsey’s to be built. I know how I’ll do it.
And so he begins a campaign, a propaganda campaign. Hey, you know what’s going to happen? These immigrants that are living among us, they’re going to rise to power. And if somebody else attacks us, they’re going to side with them and they’re gonna overthrow us and kill us all. And then they’re going to escape into the desert. That’s dangerous. That’s scary. You know, we can’t let that happen. So, you know, we’re scared of that. And our fear is more important than human rights. So we are going to then just enslaved them. You see this time and time again in the Bible where when the, when, when people rise to power, they use that power to take advantage of the weak. It’s over and over and over again in the Bible.
And so here what they decide to do, I know what I’ll do, I’ll get some, we’ll force them into a labor. We’ll send them from wherever they were down to Pythium and Ramsey’s. There’ll be miles and miles and miles away from home. The men will have to go there and work harsh in hard conditions. And just because of the heart conditions, they won’t be able to multiply as much, much less the fact that there’ll be way away from their family, so they won’t be able to make a lot more babies and much less on top of that, they won’t be able to be with their family, to take care of their land, to take care of their flocks. We’ll force them into labor. We’ll make them go over there to, to, to build these store cities. For us, it’s a shrewd political move, and it works. The Egyptians are okay with it. The Egyptian nation is okay with enslaving an entire people group because partially they’re afraid of them. And so what, what happens?
Well this, this was a comment I’m not one, I just, I’m not one for reading a commentary out loud, but I thought this was a really well said thing. He says this he wrote this in 2006. So this has been quite a while ago. He’s got no ax to grind today. It’s 14 years ago. In a fallen world, hostility toward foreigners is a common characteristic. Even though what Pharaoh said was very likely an exaggeration, intended to frighten, rather than present the facts accurately, his leadership played on the universal Zena phobic tendency of people losing their jobs, their wealth, their land, their political control to the foreigners in the midst. All oppressive regimes use the threat of some great danger, real or imagined to justify violations of human rights. That is a scaring and really insightful explanation of what happens here. Pharaoh is a great leader. He knows what he’s doing. He wants something, and so he goes out and gets, it. Doesn’t matter the impact it’s going to have, but God’s not done.
We left off on verse 11 they built pit them in Ramsey’s, but verse 12 but the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied and the more they spread abroad and the Egyptians were in dread of the people of Israel. Mankind can’t keep God’s blessings down. So they ruthlessly made the people of God work as slaves, made their lives bitter with hard service and mortar and brick and in all kinds of work in the field, in all their work. They ruthlessly made them work as slaves. So they, they take it another step even further. They’re going to take advantage of this weaker group in their society. They’re going to enslave them even more. They’re going to make them work even more bitterly because they don’t want their threat.
Verse 15 were introduced to midwives and the King of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, one of them was named ship, chip ship FRA and the other [inaudible]. When you serve a midwife as midwife to the Hebrew women and see them on the birth stool. If it is a son, you shall kill him. But if it is a daughter, she shall live. Stop right there. How many little steps did the Pharaoh need to take to get this depraved? They started just by forcing them into labor, which by the way, is something that Israelites due to other Israelites later on, it starts just by forcing them into labor and then they take it a step farther and they make their lives bitter and awful and terrible.
They become so desensitized to goodness and righteousness that he’s willing to kill little babies. It’s terrible. But we’re introduced to the heroes of chapter one. But the widow midwives feared God. They did not do as the King of Egypt commanded them, but they let the male children live. So the King of Egypt called the midwives and said to them, why have you done this and let the children, male children live. So this is apparently been going on for a few years. We don’t know how long. Why? Why did you let the little children, the male children live? He calls them and midwife said to Pharaoh, because the Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women for their vigorous and give birth before the midwife can come to them. That’s just an awesome verse right now, whether or not these, these are lying is unclear in the passage.
Was it the type of thing where they’re like, Oh yeah, you’re given birth. Sure, I’ll come, you know, and go as slowly as they can to go help. Is that what they were doing or is it the type of thing like where they let the Hebrew women know, Hey, we will come. Why don’t you first give birth to the baby and then we’ll show up? All right. We don’t know what exactly was going on here, but apparently they figured out a way around and that’s what makes them the heroes of chapter one. They’re faithful. In fact, they’re named the record is in scripture. How would you like your name to be recorded in scripture for an act of faith? And God decided to bless them as well. He brings them into the Abrahamic blessing. Verse 20 so God dealt well with the midwives and the people multiplied and grew very strong in the midwives feared God and he gave them families. There’s some indication from the text here that they probably didn’t have their own families and that’s why they were midwives and then God decided to bless them and give them fruitfulness because of their obedience to God. That’s beautiful. He welcomes them in. In other words, this is not about one race of people. It’s not about Israel. All of those who trust and believe and fear the true God can be part of that Abrahamic blessing, that Abrahamic family. We see that right here.
Well, what is Pharaoh’s response? Having sufficiently all the Egyptians with his multifaceted steps, he then says he commands his people. Every son that is born to the Hebrews, you shall cast into the Nile, but you shall let every daughter live.
This is probably narratively not only representative of the fight that is going to the hostility and the amnesty as Genesis three says, between the seed of the serpent and the seed of the woman. Pharaoh here represents the seed of the serpent, the seat of the women, the sons of Israel represent the other side and there’s hostility here and the seed of the serpent wants so badly to kill all these sons. You say, why were they thrown into the river? Why won’t they just killed in different ways? Well, it would be easy to toss them into the river and then forget about it as the Curt would carry the child away.
There’s also an aspect of they worshiped the river almost like a God. So in one sense it would feel like a religious duty to take this baby and give it to the river. This is a twisted and deprived moment and you can’t get around these moments in the Bible if you skip them and think that life is Teletubbies and butterflies you’re way off. The Bible is very Frank about mankind, sinfulness. When they have been given over to their sin, they go further and further into their depravity further and further into disadvantaging the week further and further into hurting others further and further into their own selfishness. And they wind up like the cat on Alison Wonderland just eating their own tail and turning did nothing further and further. Nothing away from God.
Well, we’re introduced to the child who was born. We’re going to look at this next week. We’re going to look at Moses next week, but I want to get to the end of this chapter two in verse 23 and it says during those many days, the King of Egypt died. Even the most wicked of rulers will die and face their maker. That’s good for us to remember. And the people of Israel groaned because of this, their slavery and cried out for help. Their cry for rescue from slavery came up to God and God heard their groaning and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob. God saw the people of Israel and God knew how many different times and ways can you say that God has not forgotten his people. God knew God, saw God remembered they haven’t escaped his sight, his sovereign rule, and I want to say to you today, your prayers don’t go on her. You’re groaning does not go on felt your oppression does not go unseen. Your faith is not forgotten.
Here in this passage, we see faith richly. We see a tested faith because life always, always appears as experience without explanation. Everybody want to know the reason why stuff happens to you. You go through it and there’s no explanation for it. It appears as adversity. At times you feel like there’s no purpose behind it. It just hard because it’s hard because it’s hard not because it makes any sense. It appears as hostility towards you without protection and yet God himself had led them there, which means this has not escaped God’s sovereignty. That means adversity is not always a sign up being outside the will of God. If you’re scared of that and you’re facing something, you’re like, Oh no, am I doing something wrong? No, you will go through adversity in this life. You will have dark days, but the hope of the gospel is that you won’t be alone in those dark days and that you have a God who not only is sovereign over them ultimately, but a God who is actually come and entered into those dark days and been the man of sorrows and felt the pain of this world. The hope for you in your darkness is that God actually understands cause he’s been through it and he loves you. He is the high priest who can sympathize with us in our weaknesses.
So you have to remain faithful, tested faith. It’s not going to be easy. You’re going to have dark days. Things aren’t always going to make sense, but you do have a God who loves you and cares for you. Let that be the cornerstone of your life. You need a trusting faith. You need a trusting faith that even the bad things that are happened, God is going to work for your good. Have you gone darkness? Are you going through darkness now? You going through a moment like Israel was facing here as a nation, feeling like there’s no way out oppressive forces everywhere. Have you gone through that? It’s in that moment that you have to remember that God works all things together for good, for those who love God, he is sovereign over the evil, and guess what? That doesn’t mean you’re not going to go through the evil. We have enough experience with this life to know that you’ve gone through bad things. You’re not always going to avoid it.
In fact, in that very passage, Romans chapter eight he’s about to go down and he’s going to list off nakedness and danger and sword and all of these things that we are going to go through. We’re going to go through trials in our life. The promise is at the very weapons of Satan become the instruments that God uses to make us more like his son. He actually takes the sword of the enemy and uses it to carve us into the beautiful image of his son. That’s the promise of the gospel. The promise is the gospel is not, that you will avoid. Every struggle is that he will use the struggle to bring you to himself and finally you’re going to need patient faith. How long had they been there? 400 years during the reign of one complete King. We know Moses is born as a baby under all of these conditions of dub chapter one then he leaves for 40 years and he doesn’t come back for 40 years, so it’s at least 40 50 years. I don’t know when the end of your struggles are going to be. I do know that if you trust in Christ Jesus, you’ll be with him in heaven and there will be no more of that, but I don’t know when this life, when the end of your struggles will be, but I do know this. You have a God who is worth staying faithful to. In the meantime, he’s worth it. So don’t give up. Don’t cash your chips in. Don’t walk away. Stay faithful. This entire story of the Egyptians and slavery is, is used in the new Testament to talk about how you and I are enslaved to sin.
You and I without Jesus Christ have sin that oppresses us. Sin on the inside, taskmasters on the inside that force us to do things. We don’t want to do sins against God. Things that destroy our lives, that dishonor God and enrage him against us. We have that problem and that’s why one of the verses in Ephesians chapter one says that Christ came to deliver us. Like Moses comes to deliver the people of Israel. Christ came to deliver us, not just from a King. Christ came to deliver us from the enemy of mankind, not just one King. He dies in chapter two.
Sin doesn’t die. It’s passed on generation to generation. How could we possibly overcome that? The only hope is Jesus Christ who will Lord could save themselves their own soul, could, could heal our shame was deeper than the sea, but your grace is deeper still and you alone can rescue. You alone can save and that’s what Jesus promises to do to you today. Do for you today if you are oppressed by your sin today, if you are under condemnation, if you carry the burden of shame and guilt on your shoulders, there’s a promise offered to you today that you can be delivered out of that. It’s given Jesus Christ today holds his hands out and he says, I went to the cross to receive all of that sin, all of that punishment, all of that judgment from God. I will receive that all for you so that you can get off Scott free so that you can become a child of God instead of his enemy. I will take that all on me and give you the status, the right to be called a child of God. That’s the offer to you today and that would be a moment of a fantastic deliverance. Would you believe that today he Rose from the dead to give you victory in your life today? It doesn’t mean you’re not going to struggle against sin, but through Jesus Christ you have the ability to fight your sin and gain victory over your sin.
This is the message of Exodus. Even though Exodus doesn’t know it yet. The message of Exodus is that we can be freed from slavery through Jesus Christ. So some of you need to believe that today. You need to trust that you need to turn from your sins and trust that today, and I invite you to do that please. And some of you need to be reminded. Don’t give up. You’re in the middle of a tough time. You’re in the middle of darkness. You’re in the middle of that fight against sin. You’re in the middle of that depressing time in your life. You’re in the middle of that fight with a health struggle. You’re in the middle of whatever it is. Don’t give up. Keep going. God will deliver you. He’ll be there and he’s worth it. He’s worth remaining faithful to. Let’s pray.
Father, I thank you for the way your people listen today, I asked that you would drive this home to your people. Please. I pray that someone here today would even while they’re bowing their head and praying right now, tell you that they believe you and confess you with their mouth, that you are the one who delivers them from their sin. Father, there are people here today that are going through all kinds of struggles. They need to remember to remain faithful and that you’re worth it. Would you help them give them a tested faith of trusting faith and a patient faith. Father, be at work, praying assists in your precious name.
I want you to take the verse with you. Their cry for rescue from slavery came up to God and got heard their groaning and God remembered his covenant and God saw the people of Israel and God knew he doesn’t forget you today. Take that verse with you. A few things. I need to go get the candy from my office for the kids. He did a great job filling out their paper. So I’ll be, I let me, could you give me just a minute kids, you guys can stay right up here and I’ll do that. I’ll also be up here for a few minutes after the service. If you’d like to talk or pray, I’d welcome that. But members here at Redeemer, we do have a vote that will take place here. Just five or 10 minutes. Make sure you get around and well welcome the visitors. Say hi to them, get to know them, and then we’ll have that. It’ll be a quick meeting here this morning. So yeah, thank you so much for being here this morning. You are dismissed.